AMD Announces Ryzen 7000 Series Desktop Processors, New Socket AM5, and New Motherboard Chipsets

AMD has announced Ryzen 7000 series desktop processors along with socket AM5 and 600 series motherboard chipsets, all set to launch on September 27 starting at $299.

Model Cores / Threads Frequency (impulse/base) total cache PCIe TDP Cost
AMD Ryzen 9 7950X 16C/32T 5.7GHz/4.5GHz 80MB Generation 5 170W $699
AMD Ryzen 9 7900X 12C/24T 5.6/4.7GHz 76MB Generation 5 170W $549
AMD Ryzen 7 7700X 8C/16T 5.4/4.5GHz 40MB Generation 5 105W $399
AMD Ryzen 5 7600X 6C/12T 5.3/4.7GHz 38MB Generation 5 105W $299

A closer look at the Ryzen 7000 series processors

AMD CEO Lisa Su said during the launch event that the Ryzen 9 7950X offers 15% higher performance than the previous generation Ryzen 9 5950X in popular games, thanks to improved single-threaded performance. For creators, Su said that the Ryzen 9 7950X offers on average more than 40% more performance than the Ryzen 9 5950X.

Moving on to a comparison chart with current Intel processors, Su claimed that the Ryzen 9 7950X is “the fastest CPU in the world.” He noted that it is faster across all game titles and offers 62% more computing performance at 47% more performance per watt.

Is it time to upgrade?  The new Zen 4 processors appear to be much faster than the previous generation.
Is it time to upgrade? The new Zen 4 processors appear to be much faster than the previous generation. Image Credit: AMD Ryzen 7000 launch live stream.

With Intel’s 13th generation processors scheduled to debut later this year, the race for performance supremacy is on. AMD announced that the Ryzen 7000 series will be able to reach a maximum frequency of 5.7 GHz without overclocking, the highest in the industry. Intel’s Raptor Lake, on the other hand, is rumored to be able to hit 6GHz out of the box.

AMD claims that Zen 4 has the performance advantage over current Intel processors in both gaming and creative workloads.
AMD claims a performance advantage over current Intel processors in both gaming and creative workloads. Image Credit: AMD Ryzen 7000 launch live stream.

But clock speed is just one variable in the performance equation. AMD says that compared to the Zen 3, the Zen 4 offers an average 13% increase in instructions per clock (IPC), resulting in a 29% increase in single-threaded performance over the CPU. Ryzen 5000 series. On stage, AMD CTO Mike Papermaster attributed the improvement to a more refined CPU interface, specifically branch prediction, which accounted for 60 percent of the total IPC gain. Additionally, OpCache has been increased 1.5 times to increase the instruction hit rate.

AMD CTO Mike Papermaster details the collaboration between AMD and TSMC.
AMD CTO Mike Papermaster discussed the collaboration between AMD and TSMC. Image Credit: AMD Ryzen 7000 launch live stream.

AMD says that the Ryzen 7000 series processors are not only faster but also more energy efficient. Thanks to a 20% reduction in device capacitance along with other design improvements, Zen 4 delivers 62% less power at the same performance and 49% more performance at the same power compared to Zen 3 .

The Zen 4 core is built on TSMC’s N5 5nm node. According to AMD, the two companies collaborated to modify the processor design to allow for higher frequencies, optimizing device scaling, capacitance, and metal stack to increase performance. Additionally, TSMC’s N5 node helped reduce die area by 18 percent despite adding new features, including AVX-512 support.

Zen 4’s AVX-512 instruction support is a first for AMD processors. AVX-512 instructions use a very wide 512-bit vector, which can be more efficient for specific tasks such as accelerated computing, deep learning, and cryptography. The decision to include support for AVX-512 is the opposite of that of Intel, which first created the instruction set but decided to exclude it from its 12th generation consumer desktop processors.

Ryzen 7000 processors feature a 29% overall improvement in single threading compared to the Ryzen 5000 series, says Lisa Su. Image Credit: AMD Ryzen 7000 launch live stream.

Consumer use cases for the AVX-512 are few and far between, but AMD promises 1.3x performance in 32-bit precision floating-point inference operations. Additionally, Zen 4 provides support for VNNI Neural Network Instruction extensions. And in desktop applications, AMD says Zen 4’s VNNI support working with int-8 data is 2.5x faster than Ryzen 5000 series processors, accelerating tasks like natural language processing. .

Looking ahead, AMD promises to launch Ryzen 7000 series desktop processors with 3D V-Cache. Next-gen Zen 5 processors are also on the way for 2024.

New AM5 socket, 600 series chipset and DDR5 memory

Ryzen 7000 series processors use the new 1718-pin AM5 Land Grid Array (LGA) socket, which means people looking to upgrade will have to compromise on a new motherboard. Along with purchasing a new board, users will also need to purchase a set of DDR5 memory, as there is no backwards compatibility with DDR4.

Along with the new memory, AMD is also introducing EXPO memory profiles for one-click memory overclocking, similar to Intel’s XMP profiles. AMD says that EXPO can help drive up to 11 percent faster gaming performance while reducing latency to 63 nanoseconds. At launch, AMD expects more than 15 EXPO memory kits to hit the market at data speeds up to 6400 MHz.

Although the memory isn’t backwards compatible, AMD promises that the socket will support AM4 coolers, so don’t write them off just yet.

There are many improvements to look forward to. Socket AM5 increases the power delivery of the socket to 230W and opens up support for future technologies such as PCIe 5 lanes.

The 600-series motherboard chipsets are divided into the enthusiast X-series and mainstream B-series, and then further divided into enthusiast and non-enthusiast versions, as indicated by an “E” suffix.

Once again, your differentiating factor is in your number of connections. All X600 series boards offer PCIe 5 M.2 storage slots, while X670 Extreme boards will also feature PCIe 5 graphics lanes. The same hierarchy applies to the B-series cards. The B650E will have PCIe 5 M.2 storage slots and a GPU slot, while the B650 boards will only have a PCIe 5 M.2 storage slot.

Although rare now, AMD says that PCIe 5 storage devices will hit stores later this year, which coincides with the launch of its new processors.

X600 series motherboards will be available on September 27. The B600 series motherboards will arrive in October.

What about the competition from Intel?

Motherboards with socket AM5 and the 600-series chipset will start at $125. Building on its long-term commitment to support its socket, AMD has committed to supporting socket AM5 until at least 2025.

Leading the lineup is the $699 Ryzen 9 7950X with 16 cores and 32 threads. As the highest performing chip in the lineup so far, it features a 5.7GHz boost clock and 80MB of cache. It’s followed by the $549 Ryzen 9 7900X with 12 cores and 24 threads, 76MB of cache, and the same 170W thermal design power (TDP).

The launch price of the Ryzen 9 7900 series processors is on par with the launch price of their Ryzen 9 5900 series. That said, the Ryzen 5000 series processors are now on sale for $200 off for clear inventory for the next release. Most importantly though, the cost of the Ryzen 9 7900X is comparable to that of the 16-core, 24-thread Intel Core i9-12900K/KF. Although the Ryzen 9 7900X appears to have fewer cores, half of the cores in the Core i9-12900K are efficiency cores and do not support hyperthreading.

For the performance mainstream, AMD offers the 8-core/16-thread Ryzen 7 7700X at $399 and the 6-core/12-thread Ryzen 5 7600X at $299. These Ryzen 7 processors are priced just above the current retail price of the 12-core Intel Core i7-12700K and 10-core Core i5-12600K.

The comparison gets a bit interesting here, as the Intel chips match the new Ryzen chips in the number of performance cores, but they also come with additional efficiency cores. Given its price, AMD seems confident that the design improvements will outshine its Intel competitors despite the disadvantage in core count.

Unfortunately, the true competitors to the blue team will only arrive when Intel launches its 13th generation “Raptor Lake” desktop processors later this year. Raptor Lake is expected to be built using the Intel 7 node, previously called the 10nm Enhanced SuperFin. Like the AMD Zen 4 processors, Raptor Lake will also debut PCIe 5 and DDR5 (both of which are already present in Intel’s 12th Gen “Alder Lake” desktop processors) and are rumored to feature up to 24 cores. including the new “Raptor Cove Performance Core (P-core) Architecture.” Intel has yet to specify the exact release date, but expect a heated battle when it arrives.

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